The SMILE Study

Mental Health and Well-Being of Sexual and Gender Minorities
in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

What is the SMILE Study?

The SMILE Study has three aims:

  1. Estimate prevalence of anxiety, depression, PTSD, suicidal ideation and substance abuse symptomatology among sexual and gender minorities (SGMs) in three culturally diverse low- and middle-income countries (LMICs)
  2. Identify cultural, contextual, interpersonal and individual determinants of mental health over time, by and across SGM group and country
  3. Determine SGMs' mental health intervention preferences through Discrete Choice Experiments


Where is the SMILE Study?